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Published by Evelien Roos on 24 November 2022
Properly setting up your new Scrum Team is an absolute necessity if you want them to be successful. 97% of employees, executives, and educators believe that a lack of alignment within a team directly impacts the outcome of a project or a task, Salesforce found a while ago. And 86% of them believe that workplace failures are related to a lack of collaboration or ineffective communication. You can't get more reasons for doing it right, can you?
When you start with a new Scrum Team, you will need to pay close attention to setting up your Scrum Team smartly. I always like to start the team with a 'lift-off', also called a 'kick-start' or 'start-up'.
Reserve one day to set up the Scrum Team, make sure all Scrum Team members are invited, and – as closure – go for drinks, dinner, or do another fun team activity. Here are my 7 tips to create a perfect lift-off.
When you’d like to build a safe working environment, the foundation is trust. One of the key factors of trust is intimacy, or the willingness to share. To share information about yourself, who you are, and where you’re from. As a side note, the other factors for building trust are credibility and reliability as explained in the Trusted Advisor.
Some ideas to get to know each other well are:
The team lift-off is not the only moment that you can you use to get to know each other. You could also do this in a brief, fun way during the Daily Scrum or spend a little time every Sprint Retrospective getting to know each other better.
To create a physically and psychologically safe environment, you'd like to have everyone on the same page. That’s why you will have to deal with individual wishes and preferences, and – with a little effort – you can agree on some basic things. Set up working agreements with your team to lay a solid foundation for your future collaboration.
To create working agreements, you could simply ask: ”How do we work together?” By adding some plays or structures, it will become more fun and engaging. In addition, if the Scrum Team members can contribute to the working agreements, they will take more ownership of it than when you, the Scrum Master, simply hand over the working agreements.
What you could ask and do to create the working agreements:
And what about inclusivity and diversity? Do we have to consider team members with special needs? For example, nothing is more disturbing than being asked to look up items in the Product Backlog that are marked orange or green if you are color blind.
Making agreements on how we work together is only part of the process; we also want to make clear what our Scrum Framework looks like. Discuss the purpose of the events and decide when the events take place.
To make your Sprint work best, your Scrum Team and you should agree on important planning details.
What will be the Sprint length and the rhythm of the Sprint? When will everybody be available for the Events? Do team members have a day that they are not working? What agreements have we made on working from home or away from the office?
Find a day on which you start. Preferably not a Monday, Wednesday, or Friday because many people who work part-time have their day off on a Wednesday or Friday. And if team members take a long weekend off, they will probably use Mondays or Fridays for that. Another essential step that many team members forget, is thinking about which meetings are currently on their agenda that they don’t need anymore.
Some teams like to have all the Scrum Events on one day, starting with the Sprint Review, moving on with the Sprint Retrospective, and finishing with the Sprint Planning. Other teams split the events over two consecutive days. Sprint Review and Sprint Retrospective (closing of the Sprint) on one day and the start of the Sprint, Sprint Planning on the next day.
And what about the Daily Scrum, what is the best time to discuss the plan for the next 24 hours? Many teams choose to do it in the morning at 8.45 or 9.00 a.m. but if you have team members who start later– or you have team members from a different time zone – you might want to choose a time that suits everyone better.
Refinement is something I would encourage not to plan in the agendas but to do that whenever you feel is the right time. That might be after every daily Scrum (have a daily refinement) or a longer session during the Sprint.
As a Scrum Team, you are accountable for delivering Done increments, but what does Done mean? What are the quality criteria that go into your Definition of Done?
To craft your Definition of Done, you could have all team members write down their activities to deliver an increment on sticky notes. Now, identify steps that must be taken and checks that must be made. Check with stakeholders which steps should be made to create a releasable increment. Security checks, documentation, and customer service information are some of the activities that could go into your Definition of Done.
A tip is to use the Liberating Structure MinSpecs to create the Definition of Done. Know that your Definition of Done is not set in stone and it might get altered along the way when you find quality criteria that you need to add or remove.
The single source of work for the Scrum Team is the Product Backlog. Another vital step in optimizing your Scrum Team.
Is there a Product Backlog and where is it kept? Is it accessible to everyone on the Scrum Team? Refine the top items so they are ready to be picked up in the Sprint.
Having one or two Sprints of work that’s ready to be picked up is a good practice. So, if changes must be made or you finish your selected Product Backlog Items early, there is always work that can be picked up after consulting with the Product Owner.
Make sure to identify your stakeholders. Who are your stakeholders? How should they be informed and with what information? I highly recommend creating a stakeholder map together as a Scrum Team, to keep a good overview of all your stakeholders.
As Dale Carnegie said, “People rarely succeed unless they have fun in what they are doing.” So, don’t forget to have fun!
Play games at the office or find a nice place to have some drinks or a good dinner. You all have worked very hard to establish the foundation of the Scrum Team. And celebrate your success(es).
Although this seems like a heavy plan for just 1 day, it’s good to start and create a solid team foundation you can build on.
Don't forget that during Sprint Retrospectives, you can continuously inspect and adapt to how it’s going and see what improvements can be made. Creating a good foundation is essential to build trust. Because without trust, there is no empiricism.