Create and initialise CodeCommit repositories with Terraform

12 Apr, 2024
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In today’s fast-paced digital landscape, efficient collaboration and secure version control are indispensable for any software development project. With AWS CodeCommit, developers and cloud engineers are empowered with a robust and scalable solution for hosting secure Git repositories, seamlessly integrated into or close to their AWS environments.

Creating a repository within AWS CodeCommit is not a difficult process. This can be done either in the console or in code. By using code, one can standardize the creation of the CodeCommit repository as well as perform additional tasks around the repository. An example of this could be an initial sync of files towards newly created repositories. This can facilitate multiple use cases. An example is the initial sync towards the repo of License specific files, .gitignore files specific to the requirements of the company, a structure specific setup when that’s appropriate. It could be handy as well when multiple files need to initially synced to a newly create AWS CodeCommit repository from a landing zone specific solution on account vending solution.

So how can we achieve this? We will showcase this below using some Terraform sample code.


First we need to create a new AWS CodeCommit repository.

resource "aws_codecommit_repository" "repository" {
  repository_name = var.repository_name
  description     = "In bulk created repositories"

Then we need to create a user that will be used by the pipeline deploying the Terraform code. The files that would typically be available within the pipeline will be synced using Git to the newly create repository. Below you can see a user, policy and attachment of the policy to the user. If the credentials used to create the repository can perform Git pull and push actions, this step can be skipped. Instead we can use the existing credentials in the last step.

resource "aws_iam_user" "pipeline_codecommit_user" {
  name = "codecommit_user"

resource "aws_iam_policy" "codecommit_pullpush_policy" {
  name        = "codecommit_pullpush"
  path        = "/"
  description = "CodeCommit policy for the pipeline_codecommit_user used by a CI/CD pipeline"

  policy = jsonencode({
    Version = "2012-10-17"
    Statement = [
        Action = [
        Effect   = "Allow"
        Resource = aws_codecommit_repository.repository.arn

resource "aws_iam_user_policy_attachment" "codecommit_policy_attachment" {
  user       =
  policy_arn = aws_iam_policy.codecommit_pullpush_policy.arn

We then need to create an access key of the aforementioned user. The key will be used in the next steps to sync the files.

resource "aws_iam_access_key" "pipeline_codecommit_user" {
  user =

Please note that using the above snippet, the generated access key and secret access key will be available as plain text in the state file, whether that is local or remote. There are ways to encrypt them with using a pgp key, but that goes beyond the scope of this post.

Finally, we can use the local-exec provisioner to sync files to the remote Git repository. Assuming the files are available within a local folder called repo-init, the code that would sync the files can be found below.

resource "null_resource" "git_clone" {
  provisioner "local-exec" {
    command = <<EOT
      export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=${}
      export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=${aws_iam_access_key.pipeline_codecommit_user.secret}
      git config --global credential.helper '!aws codecommit credential-helper $@'
      git config --global credential.UseHttpPath true
      git clone ${aws_codecommit_repository.repository.clone_url_http} ../temp-location
      cp -r repo-init/**/* ../temp-location
      cd ../temp-location
      git add . && git commit -am "Initial commit" && git push origin main
      rm -rf ../temp-location


In summary, AWS CodeCommit offers a robust solution for version control. With the aforementioned solution, one can complement it with automation capabilities like syncing files upon creation.

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